calculate the ratios for the business for the year ended 31 March 2017

                                                 School of Accountancy

 

 

115.112 Accounting

 

Assignment 2

 

Semester 2, 2017

 

Assignment 2 will be marked out of 45 and will contribute 15% to your final grade.

 

Assignment 2 Instructions

How to Approach this Assignment

  • Please read all instructions before starting the assignment.
  • You should first study the relevant material in the text and make sure you understand the concepts covered.

 

Naming Convention and backups

  1. Use the following naming convention for the file that you create: use
    your Last Name Student ID number as the name of the file [Do not change the file extension or you (and the marker) will not be able to use the file]. For example, if your Last Name is Smith and your Student ID number is 88888888; your file will be smith88888888.docx
  1. Once you have started working on an assignment you should make backups. It pays to rename different versions of your work. A simple way to do this is to use the Save as file instruction and add a number or letter to the end of the file name.  (This allows you to go back to an earlier version.)

Assignment brief

 

Eugenie Joseph has successfully operated a trading business called the Jounieh Emporium for many years but at the beginning of the 2017 financial year Eugenie passed more of the management of the business to her daughter Pearl Joseph. Recently when Eugenie was opening the mail she was horrified to see that the business now had an overdraft, something that had never happened when she managed the business. When challenged on the overdraft Pearl retorted to her mother that the business has never been better and that sales this year have increased substantially thanks to a marketing campaign and a new range of products

Required:

 

  • Use the information in Appendix A to calculate the ratios for the business for the year ended 31 March 2017

Note: The ratio calculations must be shown in the Appendix C, ANALYSIS RATIOS on page 7 of this document. Your calculations on this sheet may be typed or hand written and then attached at the end of your report as required in (ii). Calculations should not appear in the body of the report.  A list of analysis ratios for use with Cunningham is included in Appendix B.

  • Write a report, discussing the following points:
  1. The profitability of the Jounieh Emporium compared with that of the previous year.
  1. The liquidity of the Jounieh Emporium identifying the causes of the change from Cash at Bank to a large Bank Overdraft.
  1. In relation to the state of the business identified in (ii)a and (ii)b give recommendations as to how the business should be conducted in the future.
  • Use relevant ratios from (i) in Appendix C to justify your answers.
  • Marks will be allocated for the presentation of your report (refer marking grid Appendix D). Guidelines for writing reports are given in Appendix 2 of the Course Guide.

Appendix A FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix A FINANCIAL STATEMENTS continued

 

 

Further information        $
Accounts receivable 1 April 2015 296,000
Inventory 1 April 2015 502,000
Total Assets 1 April 2015 1,340,000
Total Owners Equity 1 April 2015 705,000

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix B ANALYSIS RATIOS FOR USE WITH CUNNINGHAM

TYPE OF RATIO REFERENCE  
PROFITABILITY Chapter/ Page  
1 Profit Margin Ch. 7 p.293 (280) Net Income  x 100

Net Sales

2 Gross Profit Percentage Ch. 7 p.293 (281) Gross Profit  x 100

Net Sales

3 Return on Total Assets Ch.8 p.343 (323) (Net Income + Interest Expense) x 100

Average Total Assets

4 Return on Owner’s Equity Ch.8 p.324 (344) Net Income x 100

Average Owner’s Equity

EFFICIENCY  
5 Inventory Turnover Ch. 8 p.326 (345) Cost of Goods Sold 

Average  Inventory

6 Number of Days in Selling Period Ch. 8 p.327 (346) 365

Inventory Turnover

7 Accounts Receivable Turnover Ch. 8 p.327 (347) Net Credit Sales

Average Accounts Receivable

8 Number of Days in Collection Period Ch.8 p.328 (347) 365

Accounts Receivable Turnover

LIQUIDITY  
9 Current Ratio Ch. 8 p.337 (318) Current Assets

Current Liabilities

10 Quick Ratio Ch.8 p.338 (318) Quick Assets

Current Liabilities

Where Quick Assets = Cash + Accounts Receivable + Short Term Marketable Securities + Short Term  Notes Receivable

FINANCIAL GEARING  
11 Debt Ratio Ch. 8 p.339 (320) Total Liabilities x 100

Total Assets

12 Interest Coverage Not in text Net Income + Interest Expense

Interest Expense

OTHER
13 Sales % Increase Not in text (Sales Year 2 – Sales Year 1) x 100

Sales Year 1

 

Appendix C ANALYSIS RATIOS TO BE COMPLETED

 

2017

 

2016

1 Profit Margin = Net income*100/ Net sales

=290,000*100/3,150,000

= 9.2%

15.7%
2 Gross Profit Percentage = Gross profit*100/ Net sales

= 945,000*100/3,150,000

= 30%

35%
3 Return on Total Assets = (Net income + interest expenses) *100 / Average total assets

= (290,000+21,000) *100

(1,870,000+1,410,000)

2

= 18.96%

28.15%
4 Return on Owner’s Equity = Net Income*100 / Average Owner’s Equity

= 290,000*100

(873,500+734,400)

2

= 36.07%

50.72%
5 Inventory Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory

= 2,205,000

(790,000+540,000)

2

=3.3x

2.9x
6 Number of Days in Selling Period = 365 / Inventory turnover

= 111 days

126 days
7 Accounts Receivable Turnover = Net Credit Sales / Average Accounts Receivable

=2,700,000

(580,000+310,000)

2

= 6.07x

5.61x
8 Number of Days in Collection Period = 365 / Accounts Receivable Turnover

= 61 days

65 days
9 Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities

= 1,370,000 / 594,500

= 2.30

3.49
10 Quick Ratio = Quick Assets / Current Liabilities

= (0+580,000)

594,500

= 0.98

1.36

Appendix D Marking Grid

115.112 ASSIGNMENT 2 1702 MARKING CRITERIA GRID

 

Student Name______________________________           ID __________________

 

Qualities Fail C Pass B Pass A Pass Max

Mark

Student

Mark

Calculation of ratios (i) 10
Addressing requirement

(ii) a.

Work does not address the assignment brief or the focus is very inadequate.

0-1

Work makes some relevant points but is not adequately focused on the assignment brief 4-5 Work displays an understanding of the brief and provides a range of relevant evidence in answering it. 6-7 Work which engages closely with the assignment brief and addresses its implications as well as its “surface sense” 8-10 10
Addressing requirement

(ii) b.

Work does not address the assignment brief or the focus is very inadequate.

0-3

Work makes some relevant points but is not adequately focused on the assignment brief 4-5 Work displays an understanding of the brief and provides a range of relevant evidence in answering it. 6-7 Work which engages closely with the assignment brief and addresses its implications as well as its “surface sense” 8-10 10
Conclusion

(ii) c.

Does not adequately identify problem areas nor propose relevant actions 0-3 Identifies three problem areas and proposes  limited action 4-5 Identifies three significant problem areas and proposes appropriate action 6-7 Clearly identifies three significant problem areas and proposes effective action 8-10 10
Communication of ideas (Report format) Does not present ideas clearly 0 Presents ideas in a clear manner 2 Presentation of ideas is achieved clearly in a coherent, fluent manner 3-4 Presentation of ideas has impact. 5

 

5
Total 45

 

Assignment Queries

Please feel free to keep in touch with the 115.112 team regarding this assignment, preferably through the assignment 1 forum. That way all students benefit and often we have found that the best way of learning is through discussion with your peers as well as teaching staff.

Please note that this assignment is at individual, not group level. Discussion is fine but do not post your answers to the assignment on STREAM through discussion forums, as that will lead to penalties. If you are uncertain, please contact the teaching staff.

There are a large number of students in this course, but that does not mean that you are not each individually very important to us. We value each student and will try to provide appropriate guidance to the best of our ability.

Assignment submission

Follow the instructions “Submitting Assessments to Stream Assignment boxes”. STREAM records the submission date and time. See the Course Guide for policies re extensions and late submissions. Penalties will be applied to late submissions for which an extension has not been granted, but note the cut off time of a week after the due date, after which no assignments will be accepted for marking.

Return of marked assignments

 

You will be informed when your marks are available. A break-down of the mark will be given on a marking sheet will be available at the same point as where you uploaded your assignment.  Note that the normal turnaround of assignments is three working weeks. However, we will be working to return the assignment sooner than that.

There will be feedback in the form of suggested solutions and overall comments by the marker.

All the best with your assignment! 

 

 

The 115.112 Teaching Team

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critical analysis the yellow wallpaper using the book literature for composition, 11th edition

critical analysis on the yellow wallpaper using the book literature for composition, 11th edition pages 991-1001 for quotations and work cited page.

This is a critical analysis of your choice of short stories from those listed in bold in the unit assignments. While you may need to summarize some of the story or characters for your essay, this assignment is not a simple summary of the plot; and a plot summary submitted instead of a critical essay will receive a poor grade.
Basic Essay Requirements
Take a critical position with a well-developed thesis statement (underline your thesis statement, which should appear in the first paragraph).
Include at least one direct quotation from the story you select; and it, along with any other references, should be cited in the text using MLA guidelines. (While the paragraph numbers provided in the text can be useful references while you write your essay, proper citations for this essay should indicate page numbers.) Note: Analysis and explication of any quotation from a primary or secondary source is required (the quotation does not explain itself, so you must explain how it supports or relates to your argument).
The essay should be approximately 1000-1250 words plus an attached Works Cited page for any sources you referenced in writing your essay. (Generally, one-inch margins with 12-point Times New Roman font is standard formatting.) Your presentation content and organization will be 80% of the grade while 20% will be based on your clear and concise thesis statement and MLA documentation (in-text and works cited).
Short Story Essay Topic Suggestions
Some possible essay topics for the short story essay assignment are listed below. You can write a perfectly functional essay without any secondary sources; however, for a few of these topics you will need outside sources. You are not limited to these topics; but if you need some guidance beyond the prompt-questions in the &quot;Elements of Fiction&quot; Checklist, then feel free to use one of them.
Select one element of the story (characters, settings, symbols, point of view, etc.) and explain why that specific element is a key feature to interpret the story.
Select and discuss the use of specific symbols in a story and explain how they establish significance within that story.
Compare / contrast the representation of a specific theme within a story (technology, fear, gender dynamics, revenge, etc.).
Compare / contrast two characters from within the same story.
Use an outside theoretical framework (psychology, sociology, gender studies, etc.) as a means to explicate the significance of a story through its elements. Be certain to focus on how you interpret the story through the framework rather than present an overview of the framework itself.
Explain why the story represents a certain cultural / historical movement. Be certain to cite outside sources for an objective account of the movement and to use in-text citations from the story as evidence for your argument.

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09-12-2017Abstract

The following paper focuses on Florida manatees, the major impediments to their safe survival, and protective measures exercised towards conservation of the species in their natural habitat. Florida manatees thrive in the warm waters of Florida and are friendly and harmless creatures. In spite of their physical characteristics, such a typical 10 feet length and 1,100 pounds weight, Manatees are popularly known as the “gentle giants” owing to their calm nature. However, in the recent years, several natural and human-related events have caused a significant decline in their populations. Among the natural hazards threatening manatees are infection and skin damage from cold stress and neurotoxicity from ingestion of toxic alga in the Florida red tide. Fast boating is another potential hazard for these mammals as it leads to serious injuries, deep wounds, and even death. All these factors led to the classification of manatees as an “endangered” species. Stringent conservation efforts followed the calamity and the federal, state, and local government efforts, as well as efforts from wildlife conservation organizations, successfully brought about positive outcomes, leading to thriving manatee populations during the recent years. The current nature of efforts for the preservation of the species in their natural habitat, including safe boating activity and habitat preservation, is very focused and targeted towards niche areas.

 

Florida Manatee

The Florida manatee, dubbed as “Florida’s gentle giant”, is the most popular native mammal of Florida and was nominated the state marine mammal in 1975. Manatees belong to the Sirenia order of mammals and have inhabited the western Atlantic and Caribbean Ocean for millions of years. Manatees are usually found in the tidal creeks, estuaries, fresh waters and coastal waters of Florida, and seasonal migration is characteristic of the animals (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2016). Since manatees can migrate hundreds of miles, their range goes beyond peninsular Florida and into North Carolina, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Texas, Tennessee, Cuba, and the Bahamas. Although warm-blooded, they have a very low metabolic rate, and a thin insulation layer makes them sensitive to cold. Manatees can measure between nine and ten feet, reaching up to 13 feet, and weigh 1,100 pounds on an average, reaching a maximum weight of 2,600 pounds. They are herbivores and thrive on marine vegetation, mainly sea grass.

Manatees mostly thrive in Southwest Florida during April through October; until the waters get cold when the mammals usually migrate to the warmer Florida freshwater springs. Manatees abound in specific regions in the waters of Florida including the Three Sisters Spring of the Crystal River, the Blue Spring State Park of Orange city, and the Lee County Manatee Park of Fort Myers. They also abound in the TECO Manatee Viewing Center of Apollo Beach and the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge of Titusville (Mims, n.d.). Although manatees are spectacular and aptly dubbed as the gentle sea cows, their survival is becoming increasingly difficult due to natural and man-made hazards and threats. They are a threatened species and their survival is an immense struggle from natural hazards, such as cold stress, and human activity, namely boating and kayaking. This paper discusses the various threats to the manatee population which led to their declining numbers and classification as endangered species. Thereafter, protective measures at the federal level and wildlife conservation organizations are highlighted, which led to an increase in their numbers and their subsequent reclassification as “threatened” species from “endangered’. Finally, protective measures are discussed and the way in which the conservation of the Florida manatee in their natural habitat can be brought about is indicated.

Manatee Reclassification from Endangered to Threatened

Manatees were initially classified as endangered during 1967 as there were only 600 Manatees alive (“No longer endangered, Florida manatees may be more vulnerable than ever”, 2017). The recent Florida survey by the Florida fish and wildlife conservation commission indicated a rise in manatee population to 6,063, confirming the success of conservation efforts in this regard (“Florida manatees hit record numbers as conservation efforts bear fruit”, n.d.). Experts believe that the sunny weather together with the long-term conservation efforts led to positive results. The survey consisted of 11 participating organizations and a team of 20 observers, who reported 2,730 manatees on the west coast and 3,333 on the east coast of Florida. Further, only 371 manatee deaths were reported during 2014 as opposed to 829 deaths in 2013 (“Florida manatees hit record numbers as conservation efforts bear fruit”, n.d.). As a result, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife service started to review a change in the status of manatees, considering the possibility of changing their status to “threatened” based on the positive estimates of recovering manatee population.

However, essential protective measures led to a rise in their population to about 6,600, which led to the reclassification of their status from “endangered” to “threatened” (“No longer endangered, Florida manatees may be more vulnerable than ever”, 2017). It was opined that a change of this sort may lead to the lifting of essential protective measures, especially since this will cater to the demand of fast boating. Moreover, the status change also had a pronounced possibility to curtail the funding channeled to the manatee population as “endangered” species receive priority when it comes to the channeling of funds for the cause.

Major Threats to Manatee Population

Manatees have been hunted in the past for their hides, bones, meat, and fat by both European and Native Americans. Although hunting was made impermissible after 1893, considerable threats to the manatee population still exist from humans. These threats are apparent when waterways are shared, owing to the widespread boating activity leading to a loss of their habitat (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2016). Manatees also face threat in water control structures due to crushing, and from their interaction with fishing gear including crab trap lines and microfilament fishing lines. They also face considerable risks from debris. The manatee is under considerable threat due to loss of habitat and boat strikes in the form of perils induced by humans.

Fast boaters in Florida injure Manatees considerably. The harm done from propellers is intense as it leads to significant injury and even death from deep wounds (“No longer endangered, Florida manatees may be more vulnerable than ever”, 2017). The boating activity may even cut them into half in some cases.

Manatees also have the tendency to succumb to naturally occurring threats (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2016). For instance, when water temperatures drop considerably, manatees may exhibit cold stress and suffer from infection, skin sores, and emaciation. Threat from cold stress is significant as around 250 species were rescued or succumbed to cold stress in 2010 alone. Another major threat to the mammals is in the form of neurotoxicity from microscopic marine alga concentrated in Florida red tide, which produces brevetoxin that could be ingested by manatees.

Protective Measures

Rescue and Rehabilitation

The manatee was initially listed under the State Imperiled Species List. Therefore, the regulations at the local, state, and federal levels were enforced to protect the animals. To this end, the Marine Mammal Protection Act and the Federal Endangered Species Act were enacted. Several other protective measures have been enacted in Florida including the Manatee Sanctuary Act of 1978 and the Manatee Management Plan in the form of a conservation and management framework targeted at Florida Manatees (Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2016). Some prominent protection measures for the protection of manatee habitat include slow-speed zones in travel corridors, restoration and improvement of Florida springs, and restricted entry sanctuaries. Rescue and rehabilitation of sick and injured manatees are undertaken by critical care facilities available through federally permitted oceanaria.

Other prominent healing centers for these animals include the Lowry Zoo Park at Tampa, which offers acute-care facilities (“No longer endangered, Florida manatees may be more vulnerable than ever”, 2017). Tampa’s Lowry Park zoo performs considerable rescue work for manatees injured due to boat strikes.

Protection and Restoration of Manatee Habitat

Protection of the Manatee habitat is a prominent area, which must be addressed to curb their declining numbers. The major threat to the manatee population is from human population increases in Florida and the development of the waterfront (“Preserving Manatee Habitat”, 2017). This type of development can lead to damage to the sea grass, reduce warm water availability, and even worsen the quality of water in the region. The warm water from springs is a form of shelter for the manatees during the cold winter months.

The reduction in warm springs is a consequence of commercial and residential development, and therefore, the warm water available to the mammals has reduced considerably as a result (“Preserving Manatee Habitat”, 2017). Manatees have adapted to the situation by relying on warm water outfall available from power plants. However, the availability of this warm water is only limited as long as the plant is operational. Therefore, a major step towards protection of the manatee habitat is to protect the warm water springs which provide a potential environment for protection against cold stress.

Towards this end, a number of efforts have been mobilized by the Defenders of Wildlife organization, which is dedicated towards the protection and conservation of all flora and fauna in their natural habitat and communities. Protected areas for manatees have been established, including the Kings Bay Manatee Refuge and the Three Sisters Spring at Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge (“Preserving Manatee Habitat”, 2017). The establishment of these areas is intended to provide a sheltered area for the mammals, where they are safe from cold water and induced stress as well as speed boating and other forms of watercraft. Another prospective ongoing effort is to ensure that natural warm water springs are fully protected and restored for conserving manatee populations. Conservation and maintenance of sea grass also promote the health and well-being of the manatee population. Further, to ensure that a well-rounded protection strategy is implemented, conservation efforts are also directed towards power plant operations, ensuring that power plants adopt future strategies that prove safe for the species’ populations. Expansion of the habitat for manatees is another major initiative taken up by the organization (“Preserving Manatee Habitat”, 2017). The inclusion of travel corridors, warm waters, and food sources in the critical habitat specification of the Endangered Species Act will ensure that important areas are available for the animals to thrive and multiply. The initiative is an especially serious one since it has not been prioritized by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife service, even though it is determined that a revision of the manatee critical habitat is desirable.

Conclusion

To sum everything up, it has to be mentioned that manatees are one of the most gentle wildlife species found in Florida waters. They pose virtually no threat to the human population or the environment. However, manatees have faced considerable injuries and death from natural and manmade causes in the past, leading to a sharp decline in their numbers. Cold stress and skin infection, Florida red-tide-related neurotoxicity, and depletion and damage to habitat were the primary natural causes for their declining population. In addition, man-made factors, such as injuries, and death from human activities, namely fast boating, also caused considerable stress to the manatee population, resulting in considerable injury and death and further contributing to their declining numbers. Several organizations on the federal, state, and regional level have been engaged in the conservation of manatee populations in their natural habitat. These efforts have resulted in positive outcome, recently recording encouraging numbers of manatee species. Nevertheless, to ensure that the positive trend continues into the future, considerable efforts from prominent wildlife conservation organizations are still directed towards curtailing excessive harmful speed boating activity and in prioritizing habitat preservation to promote manatee population increases at an even greater scale.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Basic Facts About Florida Manatees. (2016, November 01). Retrieved September 12, 2017, from http://www.defenders.org/florida-manatee/basic-facts

EFE, A. (n.d.). Florida to protect 57 species of endangered wildlife. Retrieved September 12, 2017, from http://www.elnuevoherald.com/noticias/sur-de-la-florida/article115442638.html

Florida manatees hit record numbers as conservation efforts bear fruit. (n.d.). the Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/mar/16/florida-manatees-record-numbers-survey-conservation

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (2016). Manatees – Florida’s gentle giants. Retrieved from http://f50006a.eos-intl.net/ELIBSQL12_F50006A_Documents/Manatees.pdf

Mims, K. (n.d.). 5 great places to see Florida manatees. Visit Florida. Retrieved from http://www.visitflorida.com/en-us/things-to-do/outdoors-nature/places-to-see-swim-florida-manatees.html

No longer endangered, Florida manatees may be more vulnerable than ever. (2017). Cbsnews.com. Retrieved from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/manatees-endangered-threatened-florida/

Preserving manatee habitat. (2017). Defenders of Wildlife. Retrieved from https://www.defenders.org/florida-manatee/preserving-manatee-habitat

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course name: Comparative Politics of the Middle East
topic has to do with MENA regions only. you need to choose two countries to do the research on

PART 1
Research proposal – This requirement asks you to work with themes you are particularly interested in examining. It asks you to develop a clear and informed thesis statement, a tentative outline and a list of 10 preliminary sources that will guide your research. Your grade will depend on the originality and coherence of your topic, and the pertinence of your sources.

dont forget thesis statement a strong one + a tentative outline + mention why you choose this topic.

in the reference page divide them according to the subtitle of the paper

PART 2 not responsible to do for now but keep in mind
further research paper must include Research Paper– Your research paper will involve significant research on your part. It will use the comparative approach in order to study and compare 2 institutions, historical events, or political aspects of your choice based on the readings covered in class. It will ask you to address a specific question, formulate a thesis statement and to clearly express an educated opinion (meaning based on intensive reading and research) on the particular issue of your choice. It will also test your understanding and use of the readings and the sources cited, as well as your ability to critically synthesize the academic material covered and to apply its concepts to specific questions.
Your paper should include a literature review under a subheading clearly titled Literature Review. In your Literature review – you should do the following:

– Cluster sources into 2 or 3 themes that address the main questions of your paper;
– Summarize the main arguments of the sources and say why and how they help you answer your questions; in other words, Explain the rationale for your selection of sources
– Comment on patterns of similarity and dissimilarity between sources and say how they lead you to your thesis;

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The Clean Air Act

Please add to the existing document received from custom writings:

Construct an annotated bibliography consisting of 9 to 12 reputable journal articles. Include at least three articles for each of the following areas as they pertain to the policy you have selected:
o Achievement of intended outcome
o Influence on technology
o Unintended consequences
Include a Title Page that identifies your selected policy. Use the three areas listed above as first level headings. List each annotated article under its corresponding heading in alphabetical order. If an article applies to more than one area, list it under the area that is most applicable. Each annotation in your bibliography should consist of two paragraphs: a summary of the article (100 – 150 words) and a description of the authors (100 – 150 words).

Other references used in the previous paper &quot;The Clean Air Act&quot;

Belden, R. S., &amp; American Bar Association. (2001). The Clean Air Act. Chicago, Ill: American Bar Association, Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources.

Gelling, C., (2013). An unintended consequence of reduced pollution: More storms. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/an-unintended-consequence-of-reduced-pollution-more-storms/2013/07/01/0853c352-df57-11e2-b2d4-ea6d8f477a01_story.html?utm_term=.839e3bfb6497

Ross, K., Chmiel, J. F., &amp; Ferkol, T. (2012). The impact of the Clean Air Act. The Journal of pediatrics, 161(5), 781.

Final Submission deadline is Sunday 10pm.

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CUA

The Catholic University Of America

School of Engineering

Washington, DC 20064

 

Lab Report

 

title of A specific experiment

 

 

for

 

 

Fall 2017 ENGR 395-0X

Engineering Materials Laboratory

 

 

Prepared by

 

 

Your Name HERE

 

 

of

 

 

Team A/B

 

 

Submitted on

 

 

Month Day, 2017

 

 

Abstract

This is a single paragraph (with no references or equations) that summarizes the key background information of the experiment and major findings you will get from the experiment. This paragraph must be concise as possible while containing the necessary information.

 

When preparing this paragraph, try to answer the following questions:

  • What is the objective of this experiment (What are the material properties you measured or the structural behavior you explored)?
  • Why are such properties/behavior so important in your field (What are the significant engineering applications)?
  • What experimental approaches/tools you used? What are the specific specimens you tested? How did you analyze the data (by curve plotting, side-by-side comparison, etc.)?
  • What are your major findings? (Do they agree with theories you learned from previous coursework or information you obtained from the library/internet?)
  • What are the implications of such findings (Can you make any recommendations or warnings for potential engineering applications in your fields)?

 

Keywords:  Pick the several words/phrases that best describe the key components/features of the experiment.

 

  1. Introduction

 

This section describes the background of the subject that is to be tested/observed in the present experiment. Please note the information provided in the handout for each experiment is intentionally kept to a minimum. You are expected to search in textbooks or internet to obtain more comprehensive knowledge of the subject in your own field.

 

In the “Introduction” section, you can write multiple paragraphs, each having an individual focus. For example, you may want to discuss:

  • Why is this subject so important for engineering applications in general and/or in your own field?
  • Any real-world engineering failures due to lack of relevant knowledge on this subject?

 

  1. Materials and Method

 

Describe what engineering materials you tested in the experiment. List the key steps for conducting the experiment in our lab. Try to use your own words instead of simply copying those from the lab handouts.

 

  1. Results and Discussion

 

Plot the data (connecting the dots, curve fitting, histograms…) and/or put data in a table. Please note all figures/graphs/flowcharts should be numbered, have captions, and be referenced in the main text (otherwise, the figure should be removed). Same rules apply to tables.

 

Discussion of the experimental data is the most important component of a lab report. You should take time to carefully examine the data, and try to find any trend suggested by the data. Ask yourself the following question: Does the trend make sense based on what you have learned from other classes or information you have found from the literature/internet?

 

Another important portion is to discuss the possible experimental errors in the data or mistakes your team made during the experiment. Use your best judgment to explain why the data are different from theoretical values. You will still be able to get most of the grade for a lab report, provided you successfully identify the key sources of errors/mistakes and discuss in detail what you can do to avoid such mistakes or reduce the errors if you could conduct the experiment all over again.

 

  1. Conclusions

 

Use only a few sentences to summarize your major findings from the present experiment.

 

Acknowledgements

 

This part is optional. You may want to take this opportunity to thank your team members, who have made this experiment a success and/or a great learning experience.

 

References

 

A scientific writing requires that all referenced sources be listed and numbered at the end of the main text and referenced by their respective numbers in the main text. You may want to follow this practice.

 

 

————————— This is the end of the lab report template. ————————————

 

Special notes:

 

  • Write what you did in past tense and the general knowledge and your discussion in present tense.

 

  • Write your report as neat as possible (you are what you write). Make the font size and style consistent throughout the whole report.

 

  • Try to avoid drawing a graph/flowchart by hand. But if you have to, make sure it is neat and legible.

 

  • Proofread your writing before submission!

 

  • Plagiarism is strictly prohibited.

–     You are expected to write your own report. Copying other’s reports, in part or as a whole, will be a clear violation of the University rules and never be accepted.

 

–     When you find a useful source of information, you should put the name of that source            in the “References” section and refer to it by a number in the main text. It is suggested    that you rephrase the original text of the referenced source. If you find it difficult to rephrase it, you are allowed to include the original sentences in your report, provided          double quotation marks are properly used and the original source is identified.

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Donald Murray’s Teach Writing as a Process Not a Product

College essay writing service Question description please read the instructions carefully the write as the teacher need. Read Donald Murray’s “Teach Writing as a Process Not a Product” (1972). As you participate in your conference meetings this week, think about times in your life when “process” was more important to you than “product.” For example, […]

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English proficiency exam

College essay writing service Question description 1. Many people believe that leaders are born, not made. However, anyone can be a strong leader as long as determination, open-mindedness, and optimism are learned and developed. First, determination is the key to becoming a strong leader. Determination can be learned every day by having both small goals, […]

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Video Game Genre Analysis

College essay writing service Question description The next step toward completing the Rhetorical/Genre Analysis Memo assignment is to collect examples (artifacts) of the genre for which you’ve selected.(My artifacts is video game, so this is topic, thank you!) First, collect 3-5 artifacts (representative samples) of the genre you’ve selected. Next, use the Analyzing Genres document […]

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Chronicle of Higher Education, Revision and Proofreading

College essay writing service Question description Revision and Proofreading Throughout the readings and lecture this week, we have explored the differences in proofreading and revision. We have also read about the importance of this stage of the writing process. To begin this week, go to the EBSCOhost Database, search for and read the following article […]

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